Elements of the PYP

  • In the PYP, students learn about significant concepts through units of inquiry. The six transdisciplinary themes that guide units of inquiry and compose a year of study are:

    • Who we are
    • Where we are in place and time
    • How we express ourselves
    • How the world works
    • How we organize ourselves
    • Sharing the planet


    Units of inquiry interweave subject areas such as mathematics, language arts, science and social studies. This approach encourages students to make their own connections between what they learn in core subject areas and how it relates to the world around them. 

    The school outlines its specific knowledge content and academic curriculum, guided by the following five essential elements.

    • The knowledge content is organized under the transdisciplinary themes. Each school decides which specific topics to study under each theme. 
    • The learning skills aim to help students becoming independent, well-functioning, self-motivated learners. 
    • The learning attitudes aim to develop a lifelong love of learning and nurture a child's curiosity and confidence. 
    • The action component emphasizes the need to connect the student with his or her own potential and responsibility for using what was learned. 
    • The rigorous guidelines for classroom practices to match the educational philosophy and values of the IB are communicated through professional development and a school's internal reflection process.